Epidermal electrode technology for detecting ultrasonic perturbation of sensory brain activity.
Stanley Huang, Jonathan AN Fisher, Meijun Ye, Yun-Soung Kim, Rui Ma, Marjan Nabili, Victor Krauthamer, Matthew R Myers, Todd P Coleman, Cristin G Welle
We aim to demonstrate the in vivo capability of a wearable sensor technology to detect localized perturbations of sensory-evoked brain activity.
Cortical somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEPs) were recorded in mice via wearable, flexible epidermal electrode arrays. We then utilized the sensors to explore the effects of transcranial focused ultrasound, which noninvasively induced neural perturbation. SSEPs recorded with flexible epidermal sensors were quantified and benchmarked against those recorded with invasive epidural electrodes.
We found that cortical SSEPs recorded by flexible epidermal sensors were stimulus frequency dependent. Immediately following controlled, focal ultrasound perturbation, the sensors detected significant SSEP modulation, which consisted of dynamic amplitude decreases and altered stimulus-frequency dependence. These modifications were also …
IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering