Phantom-based evaluation of near-infrared intracranial hematoma detector performance.

Jianting Wang, Jonathan Lin, Yu Chen, Cristin G Welle, T Joshua Pfefer

Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is emerging as a rapid, low-cost approach for point-of-care triage of hematomas resulting from traumatic brain injury. However, there remains a lack of standardized test methods for benchtop performance assessment of these devices and incomplete understanding of relevant light–tissue interactions. We propose a phantom-based test method for systems operating near the 800-nm oxy-/deoxy-hemoglobin isosbestic point and implement it to evaluate a clinical system. Semi-idealized phantom geometries are designed to represent epidural/subdural, subarachnoid, and intracerebral hemorrhages. Measurements of these phantoms are made with a commercial NIRS-based hematoma detector to quantify the effect of hematoma type, depth, and size, as well as measurement repeatability and detector positioning relative to the hematoma. Results indicated high sensitivity to epidural …

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Journal of biomedical optics